Uses of crude oil wikipedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Other uses include cooking (oils and fats in use in frying pans, in baking to Typically lubricants contain 90% base oil (most often petroleum fractions, called mineral oils) and less than 10% additives. 17 Feb 2011 Overview, Classifications of Crude Oil: Crude oil otherwise known as petroleum ( from Russian Export Blend, the Russian benchmark crude, is a mixture of several crude grades used http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/API_gravit 24 Jul 2009 Learn about crude oil, it's makeup, Oil production, and how we use it (beyond the standard fuels, such as gasoline.) Crude Oil is essential to our 

Oils from crude oil are also used as fuels for engines or as lubricants to make the parts of machines work together without sticking or stopping. Different kinds of oils are also used for many other things, for example to make cosmetics , medicines , paints , and detergents , like washing up liquids. Crude oil is used to make other products such as plastics and waxes. These are used in the packaging of frozen foods and other items. It is also used to make tar, sulfuric acid, asphalt, petroleum coke (solid fuel) and paraffin wax. Crude oil and other liquids produced from fossil fuels are refined into petroleum products that people use for many different purposes. Biofuels, such as ethanol and biodiesel, are also used as petroleum products, mainly in mixtures with gasoline and diesel fuel. Petroleum is the largest U.S. energy source. We use petroleum products to propel vehicles, to heat buildings, and to produce electricity. Crude oil has been used in many of the advancements that have occurred over the past century and a half and continues to bring benefits to the world. It important to understand the uses and the benefits of crude oil and its products. Crude oil is a naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits and other organic materials. A type of fossil fuel, crude oil can be refined to produce usable products such as gasoline, diesel and various forms of petrochemicals.

The three most quoted oil products are North America's West Texas Intermediate crude (WTI), North Sea Brent Crude, and the UAE Dubai Crude, and their pricing is used as a barometer for the entire petroleum industry, although, in total, there are 46 key oil exporting countries.Brent Crude is typically priced at about $2 over the WTI Spot price, which is typically priced $5 to $6 above the EIA's

Also, Herodotus described a well for bitumen and oil near Ardericca in Cessia. In China, petroleum was used more than 2000 years ago. In I Ching, one of the earliest Chinese writings cites the use of oil in its raw state without refining was first discovered, extracted, and used in China in the first century BC. In addition, the Chinese were the first to use petroleum as fuel as early as the fourth century BC. Benchmark (crude oil) A benchmark crude or marker crude is a crude oil that serves as a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil. There are three primary benchmarks, West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Blend, and Dubai Crude. Light crude oil. Light crude oil is liquid petroleum that has a low density and flows freely at room temperature. It has a low viscosity, low specific gravity and high API gravity due to the presence of a high proportion of light hydrocarbon fractions. It generally has a low wax content. The term fuel oil is also used in a stricter sense to refer only to the heaviest commercial fuel that can be obtained from crude oil, i.e., heavier than gasoline and naphtha. Small molecules like those in propane , naphtha , gasoline for cars, and jet fuel have relatively low boiling points , and they are removed at the start of the fractional distillation process.

The price of oil, or the oil price, generally refers to the spot price of a barrel of benchmark crude oil—a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Crude, Dubai Crude, OPEC Reference Basket, Tapis crude, Bonny Light, Urals oil, Isthmus and Western Canadian Select (WCS). There is a differential in the price of a barrel of oil based on

The price of oil, or the oil price, generally refers to the spot price of a barrel of benchmark crude oil—a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Crude, Dubai Crude, OPEC Reference Basket, Tapis crude, Bonny Light, Urals oil, Isthmus and Western Canadian Select (WCS). There is a differential in the price of a barrel of oil based on Also, Herodotus described a well for bitumen and oil near Ardericca in Cessia. In China, petroleum was used more than 2000 years ago. In I Ching, one of the earliest Chinese writings cites the use of oil in its raw state without refining was first discovered, extracted, and used in China in the first century BC. In addition, the Chinese were the first to use petroleum as fuel as early as the fourth century BC. Benchmark (crude oil) A benchmark crude or marker crude is a crude oil that serves as a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil. There are three primary benchmarks, West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Blend, and Dubai Crude. Light crude oil. Light crude oil is liquid petroleum that has a low density and flows freely at room temperature. It has a low viscosity, low specific gravity and high API gravity due to the presence of a high proportion of light hydrocarbon fractions. It generally has a low wax content. The term fuel oil is also used in a stricter sense to refer only to the heaviest commercial fuel that can be obtained from crude oil, i.e., heavier than gasoline and naphtha. Small molecules like those in propane , naphtha , gasoline for cars, and jet fuel have relatively low boiling points , and they are removed at the start of the fractional distillation process.

Crude oil is a naturally occurring, unrefined petroleum product composed of hydrocarbon deposits and other organic materials. A type of fossil fuel, crude oil can be refined to produce usable products such as gasoline, diesel and various forms of petrochemicals.

14 Nov 2016 In the refining process, crude oil is refined to produce different petroleum Reforming uses a catalyst and alkylation re-arranges molecules to  Each crude oil has unique molecular characteristics which are revealed by the use of Crude oil assay analysis in petroleum laboratories. [citation needed] Barrels from an area in which the crude oil's molecular characteristics have been determined and the oil has been classified are used as pricing references throughout the world. Crude oil can be refined into a wide variety of component hydrocarbons. Petrochemicals are the refined components of crude oil and the chemical products made from them. They are used as detergents, fertilizers, medicines, paints, plastics, synthetic fibers, and synthetic rubber. Heavy crude oil is closely related to natural bitumen from oil sands. Petroleum geologists categorize bitumen from oil sands as ‘extra-heavy oil’ due to its density of less than 10° °API. Bitumen is the heaviest, thickest form of petroleum. Petroleum, (from Greek πέτρα - rock and έλαιο - oil) also called crude oil, is a thick and black liquid.It is a natural material mainly made of hydrocarbons.Most petroleum is found by drilling down through rocks on land or off-shore on the continental shelf.Major producers are in the Middle East, the Americas, and Russia.It is the most important world fuel source. The three most quoted oil products are North America's West Texas Intermediate crude (WTI), North Sea Brent Crude, and the UAE Dubai Crude, and their pricing is used as a barometer for the entire petroleum industry, although, in total, there are 46 key oil exporting countries.Brent Crude is typically priced at about $2 over the WTI Spot price, which is typically priced $5 to $6 above the EIA's A benchmark crude or marker crude is a crude oil that serves as a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil. There are three primary benchmarks, West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Blend, and Dubai Crude.Other well-known blends include the OPEC Reference Basket used by OPEC, Tapis Crude which is traded in Singapore, Bonny Light used in Nigeria, Urals oil used in Russia and Mexico's

The total production of a barrel of crude into various products results in an increase to 45 US gallons (37 imp gal; 170 L). Not all oils used as fuels are mineral oils, 

Petroleum products include transportation fuels, fuel oils for heating and electricity generation, asphalt and road oil, and feedstocks for making the chemicals,  UsageEdit · Oil Refinery can produce Petroleum from Crude Oil with 50 % efficiency. It requires Duplicants operation. Alternatively Crude Oil  2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into useful petroleum For this and many other uses, the oil needs to be separated into parts and refined before use in 

The price of oil, or the oil price, generally refers to the spot price of a barrel of benchmark crude oil—a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil such as West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Crude, Dubai Crude, OPEC Reference Basket, Tapis crude, Bonny Light, Urals oil, Isthmus and Western Canadian Select (WCS). There is a differential in the price of a barrel of oil based on Also, Herodotus described a well for bitumen and oil near Ardericca in Cessia. In China, petroleum was used more than 2000 years ago. In I Ching, one of the earliest Chinese writings cites the use of oil in its raw state without refining was first discovered, extracted, and used in China in the first century BC. In addition, the Chinese were the first to use petroleum as fuel as early as the fourth century BC. Benchmark (crude oil) A benchmark crude or marker crude is a crude oil that serves as a reference price for buyers and sellers of crude oil. There are three primary benchmarks, West Texas Intermediate (WTI), Brent Blend, and Dubai Crude.